About Uzhgorod

From whatever part of Uzhgorod you might look, you will always see the grey walls of its medieval castle. Its walls have seen the birth and development of the city. The monument of fortress art of X-XVII centuries is one of the main pride marks of Uzhgorod citizens. It is located in the eastern part of the city. The history of the castle is more than a thousand years old. It is believed that the fortification dates back to as far as 872 AD. In all likelihood, it was built in the same way as all Transcarpathian castles of that time: people had to carry stones, water, and lime all the way up to the top of the steep hill. To make the building mortar stronger it was customary to add milk, eggs, and even breast milk. Today the main building of the castle is the home to the Museum of Local History, where you can learn about the history and the nature of the region. 

At the southern slope of the castle hill, next to the castle itself, you will find one of the few open-air museum in the country – Transcarpathian Museum of Folk Architecture and Life, which covers 3,5 hectares of land. It was opened in 1970. All exhibit items are located outdoors, as they are the examples of household buildings of lowland and mountainous districts of Transcarpathian region. The museum holds typical buildings of wooden architecture of the region, rural furniture, clothes items, as well as homemade crafts. All these exemplify the best items of folk architecture peculiar to various Transcarpathian ethnic groups, as well as the works of folk craft, reflecting the life of Transcarpathian villages of the end of the XVIII century- beginning ofthe XX century.

Cathedral was built in 1646 as the main element of the Jesuit Order monastery complex. At first the cathedral building consisted of a three-nave basilica spreading from the south to the north. Due to the fact that the Order ended its activity in 1773, the building was announced to be the property of the Greek-Catholic church. The building was completed by two wooden towers, one of which was damaged by a hurricane in 1812, whereas the second one was disassembled. Two years later, tower belfry was erected on the right side of the cathedral, where it stood till the second half of the XIX century.

The Horiany Rotunda is an outstanding architectural monument, a vivid exemplar of the building techinque peculiar to south-western lands of ancient Rus. In the oldest part of the building Romanesque style elements are clearly seen, the outward decoration belongs to Byzantine church architecture, as well as architectural style of eastern Slavs. The Rotunda is the monument of great artistic value. The walls of the oldest part of the building preserved the frescoes of XII and partly XIV centuries illustrating various religious subjects. The original paintings of these wall are still unknown. 

The old part of the city – Koriatovycha and Teatralna squares, as well as Korzo street, used to be the place of evening strolls. It was the so-called aristocratic area, where common people were not recommended to go without a good reason. For several centuries the general design of central squares and streets has been unaltered. Today this is a pedestrian zone.

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